Broken capillaries and redness of the face can be embarrassing. It can cause sufferers to feel poorly about their appearance and may also be a symptom of an underlying condition. While there is definitely a genetic component to this problem, that does not mean that it is unavoidable. There are steps that can be taken to help prevent or diminish the effects of this unpleasant skin problem. We spoke with the Brighton Dermatology specialists at Boulder Valley Dermatology to find out more information on how to prevent broken capillaries and reduce facial redness.
The Root Cause
The most frequent cause for broken capillaries, which are also called telangiectasias, is a form of acne known as acne rosacea. Acne rosacea is characterized by tiny, red pimples and redness of the cheeks and nose. It also tends to produce telangiectasias on the nose, cheeks, and skin around the eyes. Rosacea is a long-term condition that can lead to permanent disfigurement if it is not treated.
Sufferers of rosacea will eventually find that there are triggers that tend to cause the condition to worsen temporarily. The most common of these triggers are alcohol, spicy foods, heat or sweat, and extreme emotions like stress or sadness. When possible, it is important to limit the exposure to triggers, as frequent flares lead to progressively damaged skin.
In addition to avoiding triggers, it is essential that rosacea sufferers use a sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater. Unprotected sun exposure is a well-known source of exacerbation for rosacea, and frequent sun damage not only contributes to facial redness and telangiectasias, but is also a cancer risk.
Before beginning any type of treatment regimen for rosacea, it is vital to get a diagnosis from a doctor. There are other conditions that can mimic some of the symptoms of rosacea, and using the wrong treatments may be harmful. However, once a diagnosis is attained, sufferers have a variety of options for treatment.
On the non-prescription side, certain soaps and topical lotions can help in milder cases. These include soaps with sulfa and lotions that have benzoyl peroxide. There are also green-tinted lotions that help mask the appearance of the redness simply by blending the color away.
If non-prescription remedies are not solving the problem, a doctor may recommend prescription products such as topical or oral antibiotics, topical retinoids, laser therapy, or even pulse light therapy. In certain cases, skin peels are recommended. However, these should be approached with caution since the harsh chemicals used on the face can often be a trigger.
Both home and prescription treatments will work better if the sufferer knows and avoids the triggers. A good way to figure out what causes the most problems is to keep a trigger diary. By entering in potential flare-producing conditions like foods, beverages, weather, emotions, and so forth, a sufferer can gain an understanding of what specific trouble elements to evade.
If facial redness and broken capillaries are producing low self esteem or embarrassment, take heart. There are many effective treatments available, and with the help of a doctor and some personal vigilance, these problems can be lessened or eliminated. Take the first step and visit a doctor today to confirm a diagnosis and begin treatment.